There are three different countries within Britain: England, Wales and Scotland. Together with Northern Ireland, these countries make up the United Kingdom. Each country has its own distinctive character and identity.


The Queen is the Head of State but all the laws are made by the parliament which consists of two Houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The House of Lords does not have as much power as the House of Commons and merely revises and amends laws.


There are three main political parties in parliament, the Conservatives, Labour and Liberal Democrats.

Last modified: Wednesday, 16 January 2008, 01:51 PM